Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaClO. It is commonly used as a disinfectant and bleaching agent, and is also used in water treatment and sanitation processes.
Sodium hypochlorite is a pale greenish-yellow liquid with a strong chlorine odor. It is typically produced by the reaction of chlorine gas with sodium hydroxide, and is available in various concentrations, ranging from household bleach (3-6% sodium hypochlorite) to industrial-strength solutions (10-15% sodium hypochlorite).
As a disinfectant, sodium hypochlorite is effective against a wide range of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It is often used to disinfect surfaces, equipment, and water in hospitals, laboratories, and food processing facilities.
In addition to its disinfectant properties, sodium hypochlorite is also commonly used as a bleaching agent in the textile and paper industries. It can be used to remove stains and whiten fabrics, and is also used to bleach wood pulp for the production of paper products.
While sodium hypochlorite is effective as a disinfectant and bleaching agent, it can also be hazardous if not used properly. It can cause skin and eye irritation and can release toxic chlorine gas if mixed with other chemicals. As such, it is important to handle and use sodium hypochlorite with care and follow proper safety protocols.